Symptoms (early) of prostate cancer

Symptoms (early) of prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. It causes more than 8,000 deaths, or about one death per hour. Pain, fatigue… What are the signs of a prostate tumor? in the advanced stage?

It’s cancer More common in men with approx 50,000 new cases are discovered each year in France. Prostate cancer is responsible for more than 8,000 deaths, This is it 1 death every hour. marking movember Which promotes prostate cancer screening each November, we evaluated Signs that may (or may not) alert you to prostate cancerwhether in beginning disease or a more advanced stageWith Dr. Natasha Nunn, an oncologist who specializes in urologic oncology at Gustave Rossi.

What are the first signs of prostate cancer?

“Most of the time, Prostate cancer does not give symptoms, and is said to be asymptomaticAnd the Dr. Natasha Nunn replies right away. The symptoms Which can lead to accidental identification, when any are present Signs of urination with difficulty urinating and/or bleedingand the Gastrointestinal signs As the back of the prostate is close to the rectum but all this is extremely rare when the cancer is localized. Generally, the guy discovers it during the balance sheet For urinary disorders or by PSA check (Prostate specific antigen)”

Diagram of prostate cancer
Diagram of prostate cancer © blueringmedia – / Journal des Femmes

Is prostate cancer responsible for urinary tract disorders?

The prostate is located below the bladder, hence the fact that a prostate problem can manifest itself as an abnormality in the function of the urinary tract (Frequent urination, feeling unable to empty the bladder, difficulty urinating…) but it is not necessarily a sign of cancer. The prostate is a gland that tends to degrade into an enlargement with ageIt’s a phenomenon Normal Gradually, it may be accompanied by an increase in its size, which is called “adenoma;or benign prostatic hyperplasia, Dr. explains to us.

Prostate adenoma does not mean cancer.

An adenoma is what gives most symptoms, including urinary symptoms. An adenoma is benign and has nothing to do with cancer. In case of urinary disorders, it is recommended to consult a urologist or attending physician to find out if there is an adenoma. “On this occasion, prostate cancer can be found by PSA assay or tissue analysis when removing an adenoma to relieve urinary disorders (but this is not systematic, and adenoma does not mean cancer, says the editor)” says d.

Can prostate cancer cause physical symptoms?

“Most of the time, nothing. The person feels good.” Our interlocutor responds. When there are physical symptoms They are often associated with prostate adenomas that can detect but not cause cancer.. a Advanced disease can cause physical symptoms “But it is not specific to prostate cancer and may be seen in other cancers.”

Advanced disease may manifest as bone pain.

What are the symptoms of advanced prostate cancer?

Around 10% of prostate cancers metastasize from the start That is, when they are discovered. People who have localized forms of cancer can also develop metastatic forms.The primary site of metastasis for prostate cancer is the boneAdvanced disease may manifest as bone pain. explains the oncologist. A man can also file a Deterioration in general condition, fatigue, weight loss, loss of appetite “But this Signs of metastatic disease are not specific to prostate cancer. Metastases may be from other cancers because prostate cancer occurs at an age when the risk of cancer is already greater. She continues.

Does prostate cancer cause pain?

There is no pain specific to prostate cancer. Dr. answers. If the pain does not go away, see your physician to discuss it. in advanced stagethere may be The painsIn particular bone The bone is the main site of metastatic prostate cancer.

At what age does prostate cancer occur?

Average age of onset of prostate cancer nearby 68 years oldin no way over the age of 65. There are also some Early Figures in Themes of African and Afro-Caribbean Descent, And when there is a history of prostate cancer in the family, especially if it is Related He fell Sick young manDr. answers.

When do you consult your doctor?

“You should not rely on the symptoms to talk to the doctor, but expect” Dr. Naim recommends. Therefore, it is recommended for all men to discuss with their physician the possibility of being screened for prostate cancer in their home 50 years old “Even before that, they are between the ages of 40 and 45, depending on their ethnicity (African/Afro-Caribbean) and family background.”. It is important to inform the doctor during this consultation Cases of prostate cancer as well as breast, ovarian or pancreatic cancer in the family. “In the context of mutations that can be hereditary, we can find clustered cases in the family” says our interlocutor. There is no There is no regulated screening for prostate cancer (As found for breast cancer in women, editor’s note) Because We are not sure that early diagnosis is appropriate. There is a discussion. For people of a certain age who have had a PSA done, there is a risk of them being over-treated and worsening their general health from a cancer that might not have killed them, so screening is done on a case-by-case basis.” explains our interlocutor. When in doubt, the doctor will order a dose of PSA.

An elevated PSA level is not a 100% indicator of prostate cancer.

“Prostate-specific antigen is the specific antigen of the prostate, and it is a blood marker for prostate cancer, but its increase does not mean in 100% of cases that there is cancer. It can also increase in the case of prostatitis (inflammation or infection of the prostate), editor’s note), warns the oncologist. sIf it was high at the first dose, we’ll check it again. Other examinations may be performed based on the results: a digital rectal exam, an MRI of the prostate, or even prostate biopsies.

Can a woman suffer from symptoms of prostate cancer?

no, A woman cannot show symptoms of prostate cancer because she does not have a prostate. The prostate is a gland found only in men and is part of the male reproductive system. Dr. Naoun mentions. So there is no prostate cancer in women.

Thanks to Dr. Natasha Nunn, an oncologist who specializes in urological and genitourinary tumors at Gustave Rossi.

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