At 30, Grandpa resists SMS

At 30, Grandpa resists SMS

Posted on Wed, Nov 30, 2022 at 11:49 am

“JoyE annivRsR :-)”: Faced with the rise of social networks and online messaging services such as WhatsApp, Messenger or Telegram, SMS (“Short Message Service”) seems to have become a digital genre in decline, thirty years after its inception, but without disappear from our cell phones.

Its “Collected” dimension tag, the first SMS in history, sent by the operator Vodafone on December 3, 1992, auctioned in December 2021 by the Aguttes house in France… In the form of NFT, these unique digital messages and certified goods that Revolutionize the use of the Internet.

It was then that Richard Jarvis, a Vodafone employee, received his transmission from a computer of this short 15-character message to say “Happy Birthday” (Joyeux Noël) revolutionizing communication methods through its simplicity of use.

“It is a technology of European origin,” recalls Marc-Antoine Dupuy, son of the French engineer Philippe Dupuy, who is considered the co-inventor of the GSM standard, the 2G mobile network that allowed the emergence of SMS messages in recent times. The nineties.

Limited to 160 characters, forcing its users to develop sometimes cryptic spelling like smileys created with different punctuation marks, text messages are now exchanged unlimitedly and enriched with images, videos and other multimedia (MMS) content.

But at that time, in France, “the cost of SMS was 1 franc,” notes Jean-Michel Huet, communications specialist at BearingPoint. “It’s as if every tweet today costs 15 euro cents.”

If it was very popular until the beginning of 2010, especially wishing one’s best wishes on New Year’s Eve, the use of person-to-person SMS continues to decline.

In the UK alone, the number is divided by four in ten years, and is less than 10 billion in the first half of 2022, according to Ofcom, the British telecoms regulator.

– Messages appearing on the Internet –

The main reason is the emergence of social networks (Facebook, Snapchat, Instagram) and especially online messaging services such as WhatsApp, Messenger, iMessage, Viber or Telegram, which avoid “roaming” (abroad roaming charges) by going over the Internet.

In Asia, the messaging services WeChat (China), Line (Japan) and KakaoTalk (South Korea) also won the vote, with innovations that appealed to the younger generations, such as the possibility of creating chat groups or even confirming that messages have been read.

Example: In the 16-24 age group, the use of online messages increased by 53.73% in one year, while the use of SMS decreased by 29%, according to a study by the European Regulators Authority for Electronic Communications published in 2021.

However, SMS does not admit defeat in certain regions of the world, such as in Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa. In 2021, nearly 10 billion text messages were sent there, up 15% from the previous year, according to a report by the Nigerian Communications Commission.

If the vast majority of Nigerians have a mobile phone, only 44% of them have internet access in 2021. SMS costs 4 naira (€0.008) compared to the cost of an internet connection (about €1 for 2GB), it is still competitive in This is a country where nearly one in two people live on less than $2 a day.

For its advocates, SMS also remains essential as an “identity and security verification tool”, from accessing your online banking account to confirming receipt of a package, including reading a Covid test.

“SMS is one of the two obligatory possible channels to warn the population” in the face of natural, industrial, health or terrorist dangers, says Marc-Antoine Dupuy, such as the FR-Alert service in France.

Another indication of its vitality: the explosion of SMS from advertising and “transactional” apps, which should exceed $50 billion in revenues in 2023 globally, according to Juniper Research.

Plus-charge or payment-related SMS, known to the general public via TV games or donation invitations, “also has the task of developing as a digital channel for mobile payments in emerging countries,” notes Jean-Michel Haute, “particularly in Africa.

#Grandpa #resists #SMS

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