Coffee and cholesterol: risks and benefits
Health

Coffee and cholesterol: risks and benefits

Studies have identified a risk of increased cholesterol levels from coffee, although this may depend on the method of brewing. Unfiltered coffee and espresso can raise cholesterol levels, while instant coffee and filter coffee are less likely to affect them. The risk of high cholesterol levels also depends on how much coffee a person drinks and their sensitivity to caffeine. This article discusses how certain oils in coffee can affect cholesterol levels, the risks and benefits of drinking coffee, and tips for controlling cholesterol levels.

Can coffee raise cholesterol levels?

Results of studies on the relationship between coffee consumption and high cholesterol levels are mixed, according to a 2001 research review. A recent study from 2016 suggests that coffee consumption is associated with lower cholesterol levels. Higher cholesterol, though effects vary by type of coffee and individual sex. However, according to ancient research dating back to 1997, the amount of caffeine in coffee may not affect cholesterol levels, but rather the oils naturally present in coffee beans. These natural oils, which are also called diterpenes, are cafestol and kahweol. Both of these oils can raise levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), although the amount of diterpene in coffee varies with the method of brewing.

For example, if someone is making coffee using paper filters, most of the diodes stay in the filter. On the other hand, in unfiltered coffee, a greater part of the diterpenes passes into the coffee. In addition, boiled Scandinavian coffee, and Turkish coffee can increase cholesterol levels, according to a 2011 study. Scandinavian coffee and Turkish coffee are not filtered, while coffee made with a press (espresso) passes through a metal filter that allows more diterpene to pass through. Infusion of paper filters.

Other types of coffee contain different levels of diterpene and therefore have different effects on cholesterol levels:

Espresso: This type of coffee contains about half the amount of diterpene found in unfiltered coffee. Since people generally drink small portions of espresso, it likely has little effect on cholesterol.

Filter coffee: may have little effect on cholesterol. However, research on this type of coffee is inconsistent.

Instant coffee: This type of coffee contains very little diterpene, so it should not raise cholesterol levels.

Risks associated with coffee consumption

In addition to potentially raising cholesterol levels, coffee may pose other health risks. Caffeine, a natural psychoactive substance in coffee, can interact with a person’s medications. 400 milligrams of caffeine per day is estimated to be generally safe for health, but caffeine can have a variety of clinically important interactions with many drugs. Some other drinks, such as energy drinks, also contain high levels of caffeine.

Risks related to drug interactions

A 2020 study found that coffee can interact with many medications due to its caffeine content. Also, care should be taken when mixing caffeinated beverages, such as coffee, with alcohol. This combination can cause a person to drink more alcohol than they realize, and thus experience more of the harmful effects of alcohol.

Caffeine Dangers

A safe amount of caffeine is equivalent to four or five cups of coffee. However, some people are more sensitive to the effects of caffeine and may experience some of the following:

Insomnia
fast heartbeat
Headache
worry
shivering
nausea
feeling miserable

Other sources of caffeine

Other caffeinated drinks are tea, soft drinks, and energy drinks. Tea and soft drinks generally contain less caffeine than coffee, while some energy drinks can contain two to three times more caffeine than a coffee drink.

Benefits of drinking coffee

Coffee has many potential benefits, including:

Reducing the risk of Parkinson’s disease, type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease
Helps protect cells from damage thanks to its high content of antioxidants
Reduce the risk of death
Reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease in women.

Additionally, caffeine can:

energy boost
Helps lose weight
Improve mental focus
Take advantage of the mood
Improve athletic performance

Although cafestol and coheel may have a negative effect on cholesterol, they may also have some health benefits.

* Presse Santé strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In any case, the information provided cannot replace the advice of a health professional.

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