4 typical symptoms of a stroke

4 typical symptoms of a stroke

Every 4 minutes a person suffers a stroke in France. We must act at the first warning signs by calling 15 to increase our chances of survival and improve recovery. Here are the warning signs.

a A stroke occurs every 4 minutes in France, Remember the French Society of Neurovascular Disease on the occasion of World Stroke Day on October 29 2022. in 140,000 people have had a stroke Almost every year in France 30,000 die. All ages are affected by stroke. Close 25% of strokes occur before the age of 65 The number of strokes between 35 and 64 year increments. As a reminder, a stroke occurs in the brain when a clogged blood vessels (80% of cases) Or it ruptures and causes bleeding (20%). Loss of sight in one eyearm movement, Difficulty speaking out loud… over here Warning signs With Professor Sonia Alamwich, Head of the Cerebrovascular Emergency Department at Salpetriere Hospital (Paris, AP-HP).

How long do symptoms appear before a stroke?

Cerebral vascular accident manifests itself sudden nervous symptoms. “it’s a Important feature. The loss of neurological function begins suddenly, from second to second or within a few minutes, Sometimes for a few hours but all of a sudden” Our interlocutor insists.

What are the four types of neurological symptoms of stroke?

Signs of a stroke are related to a lack of blood supply to the brain. define 4 types of sudden nervous symptoms :

1. Loss of mobility, usually on a hemisphere (complete or partial). For example, a person cannot raise their arm, can no longer move their arm or leg and their face is crooked (complete) or partially able to raise their limb but feel heavy, with muscle weakness at the level of the arm, leg and mouth crooked.

2. Sudden loss of language (aphasia) : A person finds it difficult to express himself or even cannot do it at all, he does not utter any words or only partially pronounces or succeeds in forming a few words but it is very difficult, he has lost his vocabulary. “In a language disorder there can also be understanding: people talk to me but I no longer understand anything” Professor Alamovich says:

3. Sudden vision loss : Either the person can no longer see anything at all (total darkness), or he can only see from one side. You may feel like a optical fog sudden installation.

4. Sudden loss of balance : The person walks as if drunk, with significant imbalance (ataxia) when he has not drunk anything.

A stroke sufferer does not necessarily have all of these symptoms: “It is variable, it can be some kind of symptom (movement, eye, editor’s note), sometimes a combination, more or less severe, eg right hemiplegia with loss of language” The doctor explains. Knowing that the left part of the brain controls the right part of the body and vice versa. “The area of ​​the left brain that controls movement on the right side is located near the language area, If a stroke occurs in this area, the person can no longer move the right side He could no longer speak.”

Diagram of a stroke
Diagram of a stroke © 123rf / JournaldesFemmes

Could a headache be a sign of a stroke?

yes. “a A very brutal, sudden, totally unusual headache like we’ve never felt before, Can testify to a stroke Corresponding to a subarachnoid hemorrhageProfessor Alamovich answers. A subarachnoid hemorrhage is different from an intracerebral hemorrhage. Distinguish the rupture of blood vessels in The meninges that surround the brain While “cerebral” hemorrhage occurs inside the brain. Of the 20% of hemorrhages responsible for strokes, about 5% of meningeal hemorrhages are meningeal hemorrhages and 15% are cerebral hemorrhages.

Are stroke symptoms different in children?

“CVA in children is an exceptional condition and can be really difficult to recognize. The child has difficulty moving, and is depressed. And in adolescents, as in adults or older, the loss of neurological function (language, movement, editor’s note) Which alerts ‘answers our interlocutor. In numbers, less than 1% of strokes occur in people under the age of 18. More than half the time, it is not diagnosed immediately.

“Whether the stroke presents with severe or less severe symptoms, you should call 15, Samo.”

Are stroke symptoms different in women?

Women are among the first victims of stroke. “They live longer. Age increases stroke risk, stroke weight increases in them” The doctor explains. They have specific risk factors such asCombination of birth control pills, smoking and migraines ; The periods at risk of AVC are Pregnancy, or after menopause ; Depression and psychological stress that women are exposed to more than men. “There is no literature data showing that there are different symptoms of stroke in women butWomen tend to be less attentive to themselves, more interested in others, and therefore less alert Comments by Professor Alamovich.

What do you do if you have symptoms of a stroke?

Call 15 immediately. “Whether a stroke presents with severe or less severe symptoms, it remains an absolute emergency. Mild symptoms can get worse very quickly. You should alert by immediately calling the SAMU on 15. For yourself or if you witness a stroke” The specialist insists. From this call comes support.Do not contact the attending physician, this may waste precious minutes. to treat stroke, It is essential to find out if it is due to a blockage or rupture of the artery. Only a brain scan (MRI or scanner) can tell and This examination should be carried out urgently in a hospital. through Samu, the patient will be taken In the neurovascular care unit Stroke specialist. “In the treatment of stroke, blood flow must be restored as quickly as possible to reduce the effects on the brain, Professor Igor Sibon, President of SFNV and Head of the Department of Neurology-CHU at Bordeaux, explains. Two million neurons are saved every minute And fewer weeks of rehabilitation for a patient who will be able to find loved ones and their former lives more quickly. Thanks to early management allowing to give reperfusion therapy (thrombolysis or thrombectomy), it is today 1 in 2 patients fully recovered. “

Thanks to Professor Sonia Alamewicz, Head of the Cerebrovascular Emergency Department at Salpetriere Hospital (Paris, AP-HP) Source: World Stroke Day October 29, 2022 Stroke: every minute counts. Press release, SFNV.

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